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Discussion Starter #1
Does someone know why when you push the car to accelerate at a higher speed than 30mph kinda like how you would floor it on a highway, the exhaust starts to pop consistently like a machine gun before finally catching its power and runs like normal? It’s almost as if the exhaust is stuttering. I’ve taken it to several mechanics one says it’s the turbo the other says take it to exhaust specialists that one told me nothings wrong with the exhaust pipes then tells me something is ruined with the control arms which has nothing to do with the noise then I take it to someone else they say it’s the Evap pump. I need a legit answer from someone who knows. Please lemme know it would be greatly appreciated.
 

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Have you checked for fault codes? Is this a DDCT or manual trans?
 

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Discussion Starter #3
Yeah it’s a ddct but the car has a code for evap pump needing to be replaced because a small leak. And it had that before and replaced it but now it says it again. Other than that it’s fine so idk what the deal is with it.
 

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A lot of different things in the evap system can cause the code for a small leak. The turbo 1.4 has a special evap system with more components. Do you remember the code number? I do not see evap pump in the list of components. Do you recognize what was replaced?

124766


124767
 

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Discussion Starter #5
P0442 it said small leak detected .. then before all that I had a code for cylinder 2 misfiring then I was told to change the coil then all the spark plugs with EGK laser iridium spark plugs .
 

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Usually when one coil fails, the rest are not far behind. The stuttering may be more misfires. I don't see P0442 in the list for possible 1.4L engine evap system codes. Are you sure?
P0440-00-GENERAL EVAP SYSTEM FAILURE
P0441-00-EVAP PURGE SYSTEM PERFORMANCE
P0444-00-EVAP PURGE SOLENOID CIRCUIT OPEN
P0452-00-EVAP PRESSURE SWITCH STUCK CLOSED
P0455-00-EVAP PURGE SYSTEM LARGE LEAK
P0456-00-EVAP PURGE SYSTEM SMALL LEAK
P0457-00-LOOSE FUEL CAP
P0458-00-EVAP PURGE SOLENOID CIRCUIT LOW
P0459-00-EVAP PURGE SOLENIOD CIRCUIT HIGH
 

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28 - DTC-Based Diagnostics / MODULE, Powertrain Control (PCM) / Diagnosis and Testing
P0456-00-EVAP PURGE SYSTEM SMALL LEAK
Theory of Operation
EVAPORATIVE SYSTEM OVERVIEW: The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) monitors the Evaporative Emission System operation. The primary concern being monitored is the integrity of the system against leaks. The basic strategy used is that in a sealed system, pressure will naturally increase or decrease in relation to temperature. As temperature increases, so does pressure inside the system. And conversely, as temperature decreases, pressure in the system will decrease as well and will eventually turn into a vacuum if no leaks are present. Even the smallest of leaks can be accurately detected in this manner. The ESIM has multiple functions. There are two weighted seals that keep the system normally closed from the atmosphere. The weighted seals are used to maintain the system pressure between +1 inch of water and -2 inches of water. Anytime (engine-on or engine-off) that pressure or vacuum reaches these thresholds, the weights will lift and provide relief. There is also an internal vacuum actuated switch that closes when the vacuum reaches a calibrated value. This is beneficial because the induced vacuum during a subsequent declining temperature will achieve the switch closed (pass threshold) sooner than if the tank had to decay from a higher built up pressure.

ESIM SWITCH STUCK CLOSED MONITOR: At ignition off, the state of the ESIM switch is evaluated. If the switch is open, a pass flag is set and PCM will complete power down. If the switch is closed, the PCM will wait a calibrated delay time and open the OBD Vent Valve. This should vent the vacuum in the Fuel Tank to atmosphere through the Intake Manifold. If the switch opens, a pass flag is set and the PCM will power down. If the PCM detects that the ESIM switch is still closed after a calibrated time, an error is detected and a switch stuck closed failure is set at the next engine run cycle.

SMALL LEAK MONITOR: This is an accumulative monitor and the data from each valid event is recorded and added to the previously recorded events. The PCM timer records the engine on/drive cycle and engine off time for each small leak monitor event. For an event to be valid the PCM must see;

1.An engine on/drive cycle for a minimum of 10 minutes.

NOTE: The engine on timer will stop counting after a maximum of 26 minutes.

2.And, when the engine is shut down, an engine off timer starts. There is a 12 minute delay time in which the PCM will ignore ESIM Switch input. The engine off timer period will continue to count until one of the three conditions exist:
•The engine is started without a switch closure during the event.

NOTE: At the next key on cycle a determination is made as to whether the event was valid and the information is kept.

•An ESIM Switch closed input is received after the 12 minute delay during the event.

NOTE: If the switch closed input is received, the PCM records that the switch has closed, stores the engine shut down time, then goes to sleep.

•After a maximum of 1051 minutes without an ESIM Switch closure during the event.

The accumulative monitor will increment and start over after both timers have reached a calibrated threshold (Engine on - 100 minutes and Engine off - 4200 minutes). When the monitor has exceeded the calibrated accumulated engine on and engine off thresholds, the system is evaluated and the accumulated timer starts over.

LEAK SIZE DETERMINATION: If the PCM did not see an ESIM Switch closed signal during the previous ignition off cycle, and the event was valid, an intrusive leak test is run to determine if a large leak is present on the next cold start.

Immediately after start-up, while the engine is cold, the Purge Solenoid is opened to create a vacuum in the evaporative system to a calibrated vacuum point that is beyond the ESIM Switch closing threshold. The pass/fail time will vary based on the total fuel volume at the time of the test.

•If the switch does not close at all during purging, because of a switch that is stuck open or vacuum cannot be created below 1.0 in Hg within a calibrated time threshold, it is determined to be a general evaporative system failure (P0440).
•If vacuum is created and the switch has closed, the PCM monitors how long it takes for the switch to open. If the switch opens before the maximum calibrated time, it is determined to be a large leak (P0455).
•If vacuum is created and the switch has closed, the PCM monitors how long it takes for the switch to open. If the switch stays closed longer than a maximum calibrated time before opening, it is determined that a large leak is not present and the Small Leak Monitor will continue to run until the accumulative monitor increments. If no ESIM Switch closures were recorded during the entire increment, it is determined that a small leak is present (P0456)

PURGE FLOW MONITOR: The operation of the Purge Solenoid and evaporative purge flow is monitored using inputs from the ESIM Switch and Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor. The Purge Flow Monitor will only run if the Small Leak Monitor recorded a pass on the previous ignition off event and the test data was valid. Because the leak detection diagnostics can only verify that the fuel tank system is sealed while the purge valve is closed, it cannot determine if the purge line between the solenoid and Intake Manifold is pinched or leaking. The Purge Flow Monitor is needed to verify these failure modes. The Purge Flow Monitor works on the premise that as flow through the system increases, so does the pressure drop in the system. The PCM monitors the Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor and looks for increasing vacuum in the Fuel Tank with increasing purge flow. Conversely, it looks for decreasing vacuum in the Fuel Tank with decreasing flow.

•With the engine running and enable conditions met, the non-intrusive purge monitor looks for a calibrated increase in vacuum in the fuel tank with increased purge flow, referred to as phase 1. If phase 1 passes, the purge monitor looks for a calibrated decrease in vacuum in the Fuel Tank with decreasing purge flow, referred to as phase 2. If phase 2 passes, the purge monitor is complete. If the purge flow monitor fails either phase, or does not complete both phases within a specified time, an intrusive test is initiated to verify the results from the non-intrusive test.
•The intrusive diagnostic uses the same two phases to analyze the system. However, the intrusive test actuates the Purge Solenoid such that the differences are much more pronounced allowing a more accurate test result. If the PCM detects a failure during the intrusive test, a purge system performance fault is set (P0441).

PURGE FLOW MONITOR IN BOOST: Turbocharged engines purge while the engine is in boost. This is achieved by having additional purge hoses and Hardware. The Boost purge monitor is used to check that this part of the Evaporative emissions system is correctly operating. The Purge flow monitor in boost is enabled to run this trip the exact same way as Purge Flow Monitor.

•The Turbo Purge Monitor will only go intrusive on this trip after a small leak passing event.
•The Monitor will only run when there is a sustained stable boost condition and not when the vehicle is at wide open throttle.
•The Monitor waits a calibrated time while stabilized boost is achieved, it then turns on the OBD Bypass Valve (#19) to relieve vacuum only. It then turns on the purge and the monitor looks for only a phase 1 decrease in vacuum in the fuel tank. If the vacuum cannot be achieved the monitor fails. (P1CEA)

When Monitored and Set Conditions

When Monitored: This diagnostic runs when the following conditions are met:

•After the ignition is off for a calibrated time.
•Fuel level less than 88%.
•Ambient temperature between 4°C and 43°C (39°F and 109°F).
•Elevation is below 8000 feet.


Set Conditions:

•If no ESIM Switch closures were recorded during an entire accumulative increment, it is determined that a small leak is present.


Default Actions:

•The MIL light will illuminate.


Possible Causes

ESIM INTERNAL CHECK VALVES LEAKING
PURGE SOLENOID LEAKING
SMALL EVAP SYSTEM LEAK
 
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